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United States   Wikipedia


United States of America
 
Flag
 
Coat of arms
Motto: "In God We Trust"[1]
Other traditional mottos:[2]
  • "E pluribus unum" (Latin)
    "Out of many, one"
  • "Annuit cœptis" (Latin)
    "Providence favors our undertakings"
  • "Novus ordo seclorum" (Latin)
    "New order of the ages"
Anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner"[3]
Orthographic map of the U.S. in North America
World map showing the U.S. and its territories
CapitalWashington, D.C.
38°53′N 77°1′W / 38.883°N 77.017°W / 38.883; -77.017
Largest cityNew York City
40°43′N 74°0′W / 40.717°N 74.000°W / 40.717; -74.000
Official languagesNone at the federal level[a]
National languageEnglish (de facto)
Ethnic groups
(2020)[4][5][6]
By race:
  • 61.6% White
  • 12.4% Black
  • 6.0% Asian
  • 1.1% Native American
  • 0.2% Pacific Islander
  • 10.2% two or more races
  • 8.4% other
By origin:
  • 81.3% non-Hispanic or Latino
  • 18.7% Hispanic or Latino
Religion
(2022)[7]
    • 70% Christianity
      • 34% Protestantism
      • 23% Catholicism
      • 2% Mormonism
      • 11% other Christian
  • 21% unaffiliated
  • 2% Judaism
  • 6% other religion
  • 1% no answer
Demonym(s)American[b][8]
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Joe Biden
• Vice President
Kamala Harris
• House Speaker
Mike Johnson
• Chief Justice
John Roberts
LegislatureCongress
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
House of Representatives
Independence 
from Great Britain
• Declaration
July 4, 1776 (1776-07-04)
• Confederation
March 1, 1781 (1781-03-01)
• Recognized
September 3, 1783 (1783-09-03)
• Constitution
June 21, 1788 (1788-06-21)
• Last Amendment
May 5, 1992 (1992-05-05)
Area
• Total area
3,796,742 sq mi (9,833,520 km2)[9] (3rd[c])
• Water (%)
4.66[10] (2015)
• Land area
3,531,905 sq mi (9,147,590 km2) (3rd)
Population
• 2023 estimate
Neutral increase 334,914,895[11]
• 2020 census
331,449,281[d][12] (3rd)
• Density
87/sq mi (33.6/km2) (185th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
• Total
Increase $26.950 trillion[13] (2nd)
• Per capita
Increase $80,412[13] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
• Total
Increase $26.950 trillion[13] (1st)
• Per capita
Increase $80,412[13] (7th)
Gini (2020)Negative increase 39.4[e][14]
medium
HDI (2021)Increase 0.921[15]
very high · 21st
CurrencyU.S. dollar ($) (USD)
Time zoneUTC−4 to −12, +10, +11
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4 to −10[f]
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy[g]
Driving sideright[h]
Calling code+1
ISO 3166 codeUS
Internet TLD.us[16]



China   Wikipedia


People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国 (Chinese)
Flag of China
Flag
Emblem of China
Emblem
Anthem: 
义勇军进行曲
Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ
"March of the Volunteers"
Territory controlled by the People's Republic of China is shown in dark green; territory claimed but not controlled is shown in light green.
Territory controlled by the People's Republic of China is shown in dark green; territory claimed but not controlled is shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest city
by urban population
Shanghai
Official languagesStandard Chinese[a]
Recognized regional languages
  • Mongolian
  • Tibetan
  • Uyghur
  • Zhuang
  • Cantonese
  • English
  • Portuguese
  • Korean
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[b]
Ethnic groups
(2020)[1]
  • 91.1% Han Chinese
  • 8.9% others
Religion
(2020)[2]
  • 74.5% no religion / folk
  • 18.3% Buddhism
  • 5.2% Christianity
  • 1.6% Islam
  • 0.4% others
Demonym(s)Chinese
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
• CCP General Secretary[c]
President[d]
CMC Chairman[e]
Xi Jinping
• Vice President
Han Zheng
• Premier
Li Qiang
• Congress Chairman
Zhao Leji
• CPPCC Chairman[f]
Wang Huning
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
• First pre-imperial dynasty
c. 2070 BCE
• First imperial dynasty
221 BCE
• Establishment of the Republic of China
1 January 1912
• Proclamation of the People's Republic
1 October 1949
• First constitution
20 September 1954
• Current constitution
4 December 1982
• Most recent polity admitted
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[g][5] (3rd / 4th)
• Water (%)
2.8[h]
Population
• 2023 estimate
Neutral decrease 1,411,750,000[7] (2nd)
• Density
145[8]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
• Total
Increase $32.898 trillion[9] (1st)
• Per capita
Increase $23,309[9] (73rd)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
• Total
Decrease $17.701 trillion[i][9] (2nd)
• Per capita
Decrease $12,541[9] (71st)
Gini (2020)Positive decrease 37.1[10]
medium
HDI (2021)Increase 0.768[11]
high · 79th
CurrencyRenminbi (元/¥)[j] (CNY)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
DST is not observed.
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • or yyyymd
  • (CE; Chinese calendar)
Driving sideright (mainland)
left (Hong Kong and Macau)
Calling code+86 (mainland)
+852 (Hong Kong)
+853 (Macau)
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD
  • .cn
  • .中国
  • .中國 (mainland)
  • .hk
  • .香港 (Hong Kong)
  • .mo
  • .澳门
  • .澳門 (Macau)